The FreeBSD jail mechanism is an implementation of operating system-level virtualization that allows administrators to partition a FreeBSD-based computer system into several independent mini-systems called jails.
Operating-system-level virtualization is a server virtualization method in which the kernel of an operating system allows the existence of multiple isolated user-space instances, instead of just one. Such instances, which are sometimes called containers, software containers, virtualization engines (VEs) or jails (FreeBSD jail or chroot jail), may look and feel like a real server from the point of view of its owners and users.
On Unix-like operating systems, this technology can be seen as an advanced implementation of the standard chroot mechanism. In addition to isolation mechanisms, the kernel often provides resource-management features to limit the impact of one container’s activities on other containers.
FreeBSD the big picture
FreeBSD jails != docker
Try to compare them is difficult and unfair, for example, doing a very bad analogy I would say that kubernetes + Docker is something similar to what you get when using jails on the Linux ecosystem, not even mentioning the ZFS capabilities and full network stack support available within a jail.
Creating a jail
Create the dataset for the jails:
# zfs create -o mountpoint=/jails tank/jails # zfs create tank/jails/base